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阅读与回答问题。
When Dr, Karen McComb came to Amboseli Park her first task was to learn the names of the one hundred or so elephants most often seen.
Scientists working in the park have learned to study elephants by watching them up close. They have a list of almost one thousand elephants. There are records for all of the elephants born since 1972. Amboseli was a good place for Dr. McComb to study animal communications. Elephants were a great subject because their lifestyle depends on communication.
Dr. McComb and her team had learned a lot about elephant communication, but they kept on thinking about one puzzling (困惑的) watch. Some families were better at distinguishing (区别) calls of friends from those of strangers.
What made some families smarter than others The scientists searched their records for an explanation. To their surprise, there was only one factor (因素) of importance: The "smartest" families always had the oldest grandmothers. A family, as it did in all other activities, waited for some signal (信号) from the grandmother when they heard a strange contact call. And older, more experienced grandmothers were better at telling whether other elephants were strangers or friends just by their calls.
That was an important discovery. It showed how an elephant family depends on the experience of the grandmother.
回答下面5个问题,每题答案不超过5个词。
【1】How do scientists working in the park study elephants
【2】What did Dr. McComb study
【3】What did Dr. McComb and her team do for an explanation
【4】Who does everyone in elephant families listen to
【5】What does an elephant family depend on in all the activities

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阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。
In ancient Egypt, women did not go out to work. They stayed and worked at home. Many Egyptian men were farmers. Some men were builders or fishermen. Other men worked as artists. Some other important people did not do any farming.
The weather in Egypt was very hot. Ancient Egyptians did not wear many clothes, Men, women and children often wore simple robes made of thin cloth. On their feet they wore light open shoes. People, including women, shaved(剃) hair from their heads to keep cool.
Children in ancient Egypt grew up to do the same jobs as their parents. Girls stayed at home with their mothers. They learned to look after the home Boys worked with their fathers. They learned to do the jobs their fathers did. They learned to look after the home Boys worked with their fathers. They learned to do the jobs their fathers did. They only went to school to learn to write if they wanted to become a scribe (抄写员).
Many of the games played by ancient Egyptians are similar to games we still play today, Children played racing and jumping games. They also played ball games and with wooden toys. Older children played a game like chess.
The kings of Egypt (the pharaohs) had enough power to master their country. The people thought that the pharaoh was a god. He owned everything. Everyone had to do what he told them to do. The pharaohs built huge tombs. When a pharaoh died, he was buried in the tomb. The tombs were often in the shape of pyramids. When a pharaoh was buried. he was surrounded by treasure and by things to help him in the next world, such as food, clothes, furniture and weapons.

Title

Life in 【1】 Egypt

Paragraph headings

Work

Women didn’t go out to work, and most of the men worked as farmers.【2】builders or fishermen.

Clothes

They wore robes made of thin cloth and【3】open shoes.
To keep【4】people had their hair cut with shaven heads.

Children

Girls stayed at home and【5】with their mothers while boy followed in their fathers' footsteps.
Some had to【6】to write at school to become a scribe.

【7】

Children played almost the【8】games as we do today.
Most of the toys they played with were made of【9】

Pharaohs

The kings were very【10】and rich in life. They were buried in huge tombs together with treasure and necessities.


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My first home was a beautiful meadow with a pond of clear water. There were some large trees near the pond. On one side of the meadow was a field and on the other was the house of our master, Farmer Grey. He was a kind man.
My mother and I had a happy life. She worked during the day. I played with the other young horses and had great fun. At night I lay next to her.
One day, my master sold me to Squire Gordon. He lived with his family in a big house.
"You're a beautiful horse, he said. "You have a beautiful black coat. I shall call you Black Beauty."
I learned to carry my master on my back and pull a coach. I learned to ware reins (缆绳) and a bit in my mouth, I did not like them but all the horses had to wear them.
My master had two horses. One of them was Merrylegs. He was very friendly. The other was Ginger. She was not friendly. She bit and kicked people.
Ginger and I pulled a coach together. The coachman's name was John Ginger and I worked very hard. We became friends.
Ginger told me about her life when she was young. She told me. "My master was not kind to me. My reins and bit hurt me. My master did not care."
Squire Gordon and his men felt sorry for Ginger. They were always king to her. She stopped biting and kicking people. She became a happy horse.
One day in autumn Squire Gordon went on a long journey, John went with him and I pulled the coach. The weather was rainy and windy. Mr. Gordon and John could not see well in the rain. We came to a bridge. I stopped. “Something is wrong,” I thought, I did not want to go on to the bridge. Mr. Gordon and John wanted me to go on to the bridge. I did not move. Just then a man saw us."Hey there! Stop!" he cried.
"What is it" shouted the Squire.
"The bridge is broken in the middle, he answered. "If you go on to it, you are all going to drown in the river."
"Thank God!" said the Squire. "Thank you, Beauty!" said John. We turned around and went along the road by the river. For a long time no one said anything. Then John said: "Black Beauty saved our lives. He knew the bridge was dangerous."
When we returned home, the Squire told Mrs. Gordon:
"We are all safe, thanks to Black Beauty!"
That night I was glad, because I was very tired.
【1】Who named the horse Black Beauty
A. Farmer Grey.
B. Squire Gordon.
C. Mrs. Gordon.
D. John.
【2】What do the underlined words “coach” and “drown” probably mean in the passage according to the given English-English dictionary entries (词条)

coach
1[C] a person who trains a person or team in sport
2[C] a comfortable bus for carrying passengers over long distances
3[C] a large closed vehicle with four wheels, pulled by horses, used in the past for carrying passengers
coach
1[C] a person who trains a person or team in sport
2[C] a comfortable bus for carrying passengers over long distances
3[C] a large closed vehicle with four wheels, pulled by horses, used in the past for carrying passengers


drown
1[V] to die because you have been underwater too long and you cannot breathe; to kill sb in this way
2[V] to make sth very wet; to completely cover sth in water or another liquid
3[V] to be louder than other sounds so that you cannot hear them
drown
1[V] to die because you have been underwater too long and you cannot breathe; to kill sb in this way
2[V] to make sth very wet; to completely cover sth in water or another liquid
3[V] to be louder than other sounds so that you cannot hear them

A. 1:2
B. 3:1
C. 1:3
D. 3:3
【3】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage
A. Black Beauty lived a hard life with mum.
B. Ginger was unhappy when she was young.
C. Some horses did not wear reins or bits.
D. Mr. Gordon went on a long journey alone.
【4】How did Black Beauty save his masters life
A. By fixing the bridge.
B. By asking other horses for help.
C. By crossing the bridge.
D. By refusing to step onto the bridge.
【5】What might happen that night from the passage
A. Black Beauty was sent away from home.
B. Mr. Gordon sold Black Beauty to others.
C. Black Beauty got good food and a nice bed.
D. Mr. Gordon had Black Beauty do extra work.

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Helping others is a great thing to do, You can learn new things and have fun. You can help people, animals or the environment. It can make you feel good too! How can you help
Charities are organizations that help others, for example, UNICEF or the World Wildlife Fund, You can help charities by giving your time, giving money or giving things that you own. You can also help people or places you know.
Volunteering
Volunteering is when you give your time to help others. Some ways of volunteering are:
visiting old people to talk to them or help them
walking dogs at an animal shelter
cleaning up a park
Fund-raising
Fund-raising is when you collect money to help others. Some ways of fund-raising are:
making cakes or biscuits to sell
doing a sponsored(赞助)activity, For example, family and friends give you money if you finish a long walk.
Donating
Donating is when you give your things to help others. Some ways of donating are: giving your old toys or clothes to a charity that helps sick children or poor people.
giving your old books to a library.
So, what can you do to help others
Helping others is a great thing to do, You can learn new things and have fun. You can help people, animals or the environment. It can make you feel good too! How can you help
Charities are organizations that help others, for example, UNICEF or the World Wildlife Fund, You can help charities by giving your time, giving money or giving things that you own. You can also help people or places you know.
Volunteering
Volunteering is when you give your time to help others. Some ways of volunteering are:
visiting old people to talk to them or help them
walking dogs at an animal shelter
cleaning up a park
Fund-raising
Fund-raising is when you collect money to help others. Some ways of fund-raising are:
making cakes or biscuits to sell
doing a sponsored(赞助)activity, For example, family and friends give you money if you finish a long walk.
Donating
Donating is when you give your things to help others. Some ways of donating are: giving your old toys or clothes to a charity that helps sick children or poor people.
giving your old books to a library.
So, what can you do to help others

【1】Which organization is mentioned in the passage
A. ORBIS.
B. Oxfam.
C. WWF.
D. WTO.
【2】Which of the following is a good way to raise money for a charity
A. Visiting a sick child.
B. Doing a sponsored walk.
C. Cleaning up a library.
D. Talking with old people.
【3】What does an animal shelter probably refer to
A. A house to protect animals from rain.
B. A building to keep animals on display.
C. A home for large and dangerous animal.
D. A place for poor and homeless animals.
【4】What is the author’s purpose in writing this passage
A. To show ways of helping others.
B. To share personal experiences.
C. To explain reasons for donations.
D. To introduce some organizations.
【5】Where does the passage probably come from
A. A magazine.
B. A story book.
C. A travelling guide.
D. A science fiction.

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