In ancient Egypt, women did not go out to work. They stayed and worked at home. Many Egyptian men were farmers. Some men were builders or fishermen. Other men worked as artists. Some other important people did not do any farming.
The weather in Egypt was very hot. Ancient Egyptians did not wear many clothes. Men, women and children often wore simple robes made of thin cloth. On their feet they wore light open shoes. People, including women, shaved (刮掉) hair from their heads to keep cool.
Children in ancient Egypt grew up to do the same jobs as their parents. Girls stayed at home with their mothers. They learned to look after the home. Boys worked with their fathers. They learned to do the jobs their fathers did. They only went to school to learn to write if they wanted to become a scribe (抄写员).
Many of the games played by ancient Egyptians are similar to games we still play today. Children played racing and jumping games. They also played ball games and with wooden toys. Older children played a game like chess.
The kings of Egypt (the pharaohs) were powerful enough to control their country. The people thought that the pharaoh was a god. He owned everything. Everyone had to do what he told them to do. The pharaohs built huge tombs (坟墓). When a pharaoh died, he was buried in the tomb. The tombs were often in the shape of pyramids (金字塔). When a pharaoh was buried, he was surrounded by treasure and by things to help him in the next world, such as food, clothes, furniture and weapons.

Life in 【1】 Egypt


Women didn't go out to work, and most of the men worked as farmers, 【2】, builders or fishermen.


To keep cool in hot weather, people wore 【3】 clothes, light open shoes; men and women had their hair shaved.


Girls took 【4】of the home with their mothers.
Boys followed their fathers' examples. They didn't go to school 【5】 they wanted to be a scribe.


Children played almost the 【7】 games as we do today.
Most of the toys they played with were made of 【8】.


The kings had such great 【9】 that everyone had to listen to them.
They were buried in huge tombs together with treasure and many items 【10】 to them in the next world.


One Sunday morning in June 1959 my mother walked into my room. "Surprise!" she said, proudly holding up a yellow dress. "I made it just for you. What do you think"
I bit my tongue. How could I tell Mum it was the ugliest dress I had ever seen
"It's perfect for church," my mother continued delightedly. "I wish someone had made a dress like this for me."
Too bad you can't wear it, I thought. But I knew Mum had spent a lot of time on the dress. No one should refuse. Unwillingly I put it on.
All through church I prayed (祈祷), "Lord, let me get out of here without anyone seeing me." Especially Dennis Pearce, the boy I had a crush on, one of the coolest boys at Neptune High School. Although we were in some of the same classes, Dennis had never taken any notice of me. Every time I got near him, I became silent.
At the end of the service I rushed for the door. But I had to wait on the steps while my parents chatted with their friends. Just a little while longer … Then out of the corner of my eye I saw the Pearces coming near. Before I could run away, Dennis was right beside me.
I started talking, hoping if I kept it up he wouldn't notice my ugly dress. "I'm going to college in September," I said.
"That's great," Dennis replied. "I got accepted to police academy (学院)."
"Wow!" I said. Somehow I kept the conversation going. The next thing I knew Dennis had asked me out on a date (约会)!
We courted (恋爱) through college, and finally got married. Months after our wedding I asked Dennis if he remembered the day he had first asked me out.
"Certainly I do," he said. "You were always quiet in school. I didn't think you'd be much fun. But you were so lively when we talked on the church steps. I wanted to get to know you better." Maybe that yellow dress wasn't what I would have chosen, but that day it was the perfect dress for me.
【1】Why did she accept such a dress
A.Because she was fond of its new pattern. B.Because her mom just brought it for her.
C.Because it was proper to go to church in it. D.Because she understood her mom's love.
【2】The writer tried to carry the dialogue on, hoping .
A.she would catch other boys' attention B.Dennis would get her out for a date
C.Dennis wouldn't take notice of her dress D.Dennis's parents could notice her
【3】The underlined part "had a crush on" in Paragraph 5 probably means " ".
A.loved deeply B.met by chance C.looked down on D.worried about
【4】What would be the best title for this passage
A.An Ugly Dress B.A Perfect Dress
C.A Dress for the Church D.A Dress for the Date


Luca Gramberini has been scuba ping (戴水肺潜水) since he was a kid. His family owns a scuba company. For the past three summers. Luca has added gardening to his underwater activities. He helps run Nemo's Garden, a project to grow plants in the sea.
From May through September, Luca and other pers are working on Nemo's Garden in the Mediterranean Sea, 150 feet from the coast of Noli, Italy. Five large balloon-like objects, called biospheres (生物圈), hold plants such as beans and strawberries. The biospheres are filled with air and plated 20 feet below the surface. "My father came up with the idea because he loves gardening very much," Luca said.
According to Luca, the sea is a good place to grow plants because underwater temperatures remain stable, changing little from day to night. The biospheres act like greenhouses. Inside the air-filled biospheres, fresh water keeps evaporating (蒸发), providing the plants with a good environment to grow in. "We have already seen the plants, grow faster and better," Luca says. "And there are fewer storms that can knock down the biospheres during the summer."
Luca hopes Nemo's Garden will provide a new way of growing crops. "There is not enough land on the Earth," he says. "And in many developing countries, bad conditions make it difficult for crops to grow."
Though the project has just started, Nemo's Garden has achieved success and is moving to different areas. "We're going to try growing other plants." Luca says. "We hope to set up biospheres in other countries. There are many possibilities."
【1】The underlined word "stable" in Paragraph 3 means in Chinese.
A.平衡的 B.正常的 C.稳定的 D.合适的
【2】The passage is probably taken from the part of a newspaper.
A.travel B.science C.health D.sports
【3】The best title for this passage is .
A.Gardens in the Sea B.Projects for Summer Activities
C.Plants in Greenhouses D.Conditions for Crop Growing


Peyto Lake, Canada
Located in Banff National Park, with a height of 1,860 m, Canada's first national park Peyto Lake is one of the most wonderful lakes in the world. What makes it truly beautiful is its special greenish-blue colour, and placement in the Canadian Rockies. This lake is named after trail guide Bill Peyto.
Entry Details.$9.80 adult,$8.30 senior,
$4.90 youth, and$19.90 family
Best Time to Visit: July, August, and September

Lake Argentino, Argentina
Located in the Patagonian, the lake is truly beautiful. Surrounded by glaciers and snow-covered mountains, it presents visual delights like none other. With the depth of 500 metres, it's the biggest freshwater lake in Argentina. The lake is famous for fishing.
Entry Details:$15~20, changes per season, but entry for tourists above 70 years of age is always free.
Best time to visit: December to March, and late November

Lake Baikal, Russia
Being the world's oldest and deepest lake, Baikal is about 395 metres long, 49 metres wide and 1,637 metres deep. It holds more water than the Five Lakes of America combined, and is the largest freshwater lake in the world. Located in the south Russian region of Siberia, a trip to view this lake is a trip of a lifetime!
Entry Details: No entrance fee here
Best time to visit: March to April

Lake Como, Italy
Considered one of the most beautiful lakes in Europe, it has attracted tourists since Roman times. Located in Lombardy, Como is one of the deepest lakes in Europe. Surrounded by villas and palaces, it has attracted some of the wealthiest. Here you can enjoy water sports, take a flight over the lake, or try skiing — every tourist has something he's going to like!
Entry Details: Free
Best time to visit: July to September

【1】What's the purpose of the passage
A.To call on people to travel around the world.
B.To introduce some beautiful lakes around the world.
C.To explain how some world-famous lakes formed.
D.To prove to tourists why the lakes are world-famous.
【2】An old man of seventy-five has to pay for his visit to .
A.Peyto Lake, Canada B.Lake Baikal, Russia
C.Lake Como, Italy D.Lake Argentino, Argentina
【3】We know from the passage that .
A.the world's second largest freshwater lake is in Russia
B.a trail guide gave the name to Peyto Lake of Canada
C.Lake Como is well-known for its colour and location
D.Lake Argentino is surrounded by glaciers and snow-covered mountains