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Perhaps you do not know your school principal (校长) well. But you might be wise to take him or her seriously. Beijing University will enroll (招收) students recommended by high school principals this year. If the students recommended pass a round of interviews by Peking University, they will have an extra 30 extra points added to their national college entrance exam scores if they apply to the university.
Beijing University said the reason behind the move was a desire to give students with comprehensive (综合的) or special abilities a chance to stand out.
However, a survey, showed 10,046 out of 14,227 people are against the measure. Some experts agree with the criticism. Liu Daoyu, former president of Wuhan University is one strong opponent(反对者). “There are so many high schools across the country. But only 39 schools are qualified to recommend students. Is it fair to the rest of the schools Besides, most of the 39 schools are located in big cities, which is unfair to other regions,”
The reform is also unfair to other students, some say. According to Liu, in the competitive exam, one extra point can put a student ahead of a large numbers of others – never mind 30.
“Principals do not know students well. How can they guarantee the recommendation will be fair” asked Wang Xuming, former spokesman of the Ministry of Education.
The Ministry of Education said the move is a good experiment in college admission reforms and the public should support it even if it is not yet mature (成熟的). It said Beijing University promised a series of supervision (监督) measures to avoid cheating. For example, the information of schools and principals that recommend students, and the recommended students will be put online for a week for public supervision.
小题1:The best title of the passage could be .
A.Beijing University Will Enroll More Students
B.Beijing University’s Reform Causes a Debate
C.People Are Against Beijing University’s Reform
D.The Government Supports Peking University’s Reform
小题2:The following are the reasons why Liu Daoyu is against Beijing University’s reform except that .
A.there will be a lot of cheating
B.it is unfair to the other regions
C.it is unfair to other schools
D.30 points cause a huge gap among students
小题3:We can learn from the passage that .
A.the Ministry of Education supports the reform
B.the reform has started to work in college admissions
C.all the recommended students will be accepted
D.no more than 70% of the people are against the reform
小题4:If a student passes the interview by Beijing University, he or she .
A.can also apply to other universities
B.will be admitted into Beijing University
C.will have comprehensive and special abilities
D.needn’t accept the public supervision

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Perhaps you have never heard of Katherine Lawes.Katherine was the wife of Lewis Lawes, warden (监狱长) at Sing Sing Prison from 1920 to 1941.In these 21 years he made many reforms --- and an important part of his success was due to his wife Katherine.
Katherine took seriously the idea that the prisoners are human beings ,worthy of attention and respect .She regularly visited inside the walls of Sing Sing.She encouraged the prisoners, took things to them and spent time listening to them.Most importantly, she cared about them.And as a result, they cared deeply about her.
Then one night in October of 1937, news was "telegraphed" between the prison cells that Katherine had been killed in an accident.The prisoners asked the warden to allow them to attend her funeral.He agreed to their strange request and a few days later the south gate of Sing Sing swung slowly open.Hundreds of men who had committed almost every crime imaginable marched slowly out of the prison, later gathered again at the gate and returned to their cells.There were so many that they proceeded unguarded.But no one tried to escape.If he had, the others might have killed him immediately.So devoted were they to Katherine Lawes, the woman who daily walked into Hell to show the men a piece of Heaven.
Katherine" s strength was to see the men less as prisoners and more as individuals.Thomas Moore once said, "We can only treat badly those things or people whose souls we show no respect for."
59.小题1:When Katherine"s husband was the warden at Sing Sing Prison, she did the following things EXCEPT_______________.
A.encouraging the prisoners
B.visiting the prison houses
C.doing some writing for the prisoner
D.spending time in listening to the prisoners
60.小题2:Why did the prisoners ask the warden to allow them to attend Katherine’s funeral
A.Because Katherine didn"t look down upon them and cared about them.
B.Because Katherine was the wife of the warden.
C.Because Katherine made reforms in the prison.
D.Because Katherine had been killed by one of them.
61.小题3:Whom does the underlined part “the others” refer to
A.The policemen at the funeral. B.The other prisoners.
C.The guards. D.The policemen from other prisons.
62.小题4:The best title of this passage is_________.
A.Katherine Lawes" s Life B.Reforms at Sing Sing Prison
C.To Honor Their Souls D.To Meet Their Requirement

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Do you have a dream, something you always see yourself doing Perhaps you see yourself as a lawyer, businessman, or even a scientist. Whatever it is, don’t let it die.
A dream is a wonderful thing. It can give you hope for your future and encourage you to try when all odds are against you.
However, there are dream killers that want to kill your dream. They may tell you that it is impossible for you, that you are not smart enough or that it’s never been done before. However, many times the biggest dream killer is yourself.
Don’t let fear, doubt or lack of finances prevent you from fulfilling(实现) your dream. Talk back to these killers, “I can and fulfill my dream.” You may have to do this every day. The more often you talk to your heart that you can do it, the more safely your dream will be held within you.
It is very important to take steps towards fulfilling your dream. For me, in order to fulfill my dream of one-day owning my own magazine, I needed to go back to school and finish my college degree. For you, it may be something different. You know deep inside what the voice of your dream calls for. Don’t be afraid and just do it. Try not to let too much time go by. Time is another one of those dream killers.
Think about the words of a song by Yolanda Adams, “Keep the dream alive. Don’t let it die. If something deep inside keeps inspiring you to try, don’t stop. And never give up. Don’t ever give up on you. Sometimes, life can place a stumbling block in your way. But you have to keep the faith.”
When you dream, dream big and never give up. Your dream is just yours. Never let anyone tell you that your dream can’t happen -- it can! Keep seeing yourself do what’s never been done before. As you continue to feed your dream and protect it, not only will you keep it alive, but it will come true.
小题1:What does the underlined words “all odds are against you” in Parragraph 2 mean
A.You are in hopeless situation.
B.You find everything seems strange.
C.You are not feeling quite well.
D.You have all your friends against you.
小题2:What did the author dream of doing
A.Getting his own book published B.Owing a colledge degree
C.Becoming a writer D.Publishing his own magazine
小题3: What do we learn from Paragraph 5
A.It takes money to fulfill our dream.
B.The first step is to know our dream.
C.It is important for us to take action.
D.We should not listen to the call of our heart.
小题4: The words of Yolanda Adams’song are mentioned in the text.
A.to support his main point
B.to make his writing interesting
C.to show they share the same view
D.to mean Yolanda Adams is popular

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One of the most common social fears is that we are not good enough. Perhaps you feel you won’t 21others because they are more confident, successful, intelligent or attractive than you. Such thinking is misguided. The 22of doing well is accepting yourself as you are.
When I was a student, I kept a diary filled with 23memories. Some were painful memories from 24when I felt hurt, confused, lonely and insecure. I 25pieces of dreams and personal feelings of anger and hatred, 26things I enjoyed such as magic shops and coin dealers.
Then a terrible thing happened. 27dinner one night I realized I had left my diary in the cloakroom(衣帽间)outside the campus dining hall. 28that somebody might read it and find out the truth about me, I 29back, but it was gone.
Weeks passed, and eventually I gave up hope of ever finding it 30. A month later, I was 31up my jacket in the same place when I saw my brown 32diary, just where I’d left it.
33I read through the pages and found that a 34had written the following, “God bless you. I’m 35like you, only I 36keep a diary, and I’m 37to know there are others like me. I hope things turn out well for you.”
Tears came to my eyes. It had never dawned(开始为人所明白)on me that any one could know my inner feelings and also 38things just like the way I did.
No matter what you are like, whether you’re rich or poor, brilliant or average, attractive or 39, there are people like you. Discard(抛弃)your fears of not measuring up(符合期望), and 40yourself as you are.
小题1:
A.like B.impress C.consult D.admire
小题2:
A.idea B.success C.secret D.purpose
小题3:
A.private B.painful C.wonderful D.simple
小题4:
A.works B.friends C.neighbors D.childhood
小题5:
A.described B.hid C.showed D.noticed
小题6:
A.instead of B.as well as C.in case of D.because of
小题7:
A.Until B.When C.After D.Since
小题8:
A.Excited B.Puzzled C.Surprised D.Frightened
小题9:
A.walked B.searched C.turned D.ran
小题10:
A.hardly B.soon C.again D.seldom
小题11:
A.hanging B.looking C.turning D.breaking
小题12:
A.new B.worn C.broken D.similar
小题13:
A.Nervously B.Happily C.Sadly D.Excitedly
小题14:
A.friend B.policeman C.stranger D.classmate
小题15:
A.a lot B.a little C.nearly D.slightly
小题16:
A.mustn’t B.don’t C.won’t D.can’t
小题17:
A.sorry B.thankful C.curious D.anxious
小题18:
A.feel B.enjoy C.remember D.hate
小题19:
A.strong B.pretty C.clear D.plain
小题20:
A.insist B.accept C.help D.balance

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Perhaps you think you could easily add to your happiness with more money. Strange as it may seem, if you"re unsatisfied, the issue is not a lack of means to meet your desires but a lack of desires—not that you cannot satisfy your tastes but that you don"t have enough tastes.
Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities (能力) to enjoy life. Most people are already swamped(淹没) with things. They eat, wear, go and talk too much. They live in too big a house with too many rooms, yet their house of life is a hut.
Your house of life ought to be a mansion (豪宅) , a royal palace. Every new taste, every additional interest, every fresh enthusiasm adds a room. Here are several rooms your house of life should have.
Art should be a desire for you to develop simply because the world is full of beautiful things. If you only understood how to enjoy them and feed your spirit on them, they would make you as happy as to find plenty of ham and eggs when you"re hungry.
Literature, classic literature, is a beautiful, richly furnished room where you might find many an hour of rest and refreshment. To gain that love would go toward making you a rich person, for a rich person is not someone who has a library but who likes a library.
Music like Mozart"s and Bach"s shouldn"t be absent. Real riches are of the spirit. And when you"ve brought that spirit up to where classical music feeds it and makes you a little drunk, you have increased your thrills and bettered them. And life is a matter of thrills.
Sports, without which you remain poor, mean a lot in life. No matter who you are, you would be more human, and your house of life would be better supported against the had days, if you could, and did, play a bit.
Whatever rooms you might add to your house of life, the secret of enjoying life is to keep adding.
小题1:The author intends to tell us that____________.
A.true happiness lies in achieving wealth by fair means
B.big houses are people"s most valued possessions
C.big houses can in a sense bring richness of life
D.true happiness comes from spiritual riches
小题2:The underlined sentence in the second paragraph probably implies that__________.
A.however materially rich, they never seem to be satisfied
B.however materially rich, they remain spiritually poor
C.though their house is big, they prefer a simple life
D.though their house is big, it seems to be a cage
小题3:It can be learned from the passage that __________.
A.more money brings more happiness
B.art is needed to make your house beautiful
C.literature can enrich your spiritual life
D.sports contribute mainly to your physical fitness
小题4:What would be the best title for the passage
A.House of Life B.Secret of Wealth
C.Rest and Refreshment D.Interest and Enthusiasm

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阅读理解 Can you imagine what our life will be like in the year 2050 Perhaps you will be flying off for a holiday on the moon, or maybe you will be taking your dog for a walk in virtual(虚拟的)reality. We recently
carried out a survey of 1 000 people from different countries to find out what they think life will be like in
the future. The results clearly show both our hopes and fears.
The survey suggests that friendship-one of the most important human relationships-will have changed
dramatically(显著地) . People will make friends mainly through the Internet. What is more, a large number of people will come across their future wives or husbands in this way! Computers will have become
completely necessary by 2050. Even now, some people begin to regard them as their best friends ! Others, however, say that we will become much more separated and estranged (疏远的)from each other
because we will have little real human contact.
Education will have changed a lot, too.As more and more children will be using computers in schools, certain abilities,such as mental arithmetic (心算), won"t be necessary since there will be computer
programs for most calculations(计算). Even writing by hand-at least to some extent-will have become a
thing of the past.
According to the survey, home life will be more and more comfortable. Most people believe that by
2050 robots will be doing housework and we will rely mainly on ready-made food. A lot of people tlunk
that we might only cook for fun in the future.
Space exploration will become increasingly popular. Fifty percent of the people we talked to believe
that man will regularly visit Mars. They also believe that travel on our own planet will probably change.
Almost everyone thinks that there will be no cars in the city center. Some even think that
environmentally-friendly electric of solar-powered cars will have replaced the cars we use now.
Pollution is something that worries us very much. Some fear that it will continue to get worse, and that it will be impossible for us to live on our polluted planet. Others even foresee that one day we"ll have to
pay for clean air.
On the other hand, people seem to be quiteoptimistic about the benefits of genetic engineering, as they think scientists will use it to cure diseases likecancers and AIDS. If scientists manage to find a cure for
these, we"ll have a much healthier society.
Some people worry about the future, while othersare full of hope and confidence. No matter how
dark or bright it may seem, it is up to us to look after our planet and try to make it a better globe to live on. 1. Many people believe that in 2050, we will . A. not pay for computers
B. seldom leave our homes
C. not have any real friends
D. find partners and friends mainly through computers 2. The passage suggests that in 2050 . A. half of the world population will have traveled to Mars
B. students wiU write with typewriters only
C. cooking will nqt be easy to people
D.lessons taught at school and the ways in which they are taught will be very different 3. Some people believe that pollution will have by 2050. A. disappeared
B. killed most of the people on the planet
C. become an even worse problem
D. made our planet a warmer place to live on 4. Many people think that by 2050. A. there will be a cure for cancers and AIDS
B. people will have stopped dying
C. scientists will solve all the problems we face
D. people won"t get diseases

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IV、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,共40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项。
Perhaps you do not know it, but there is something wonderful at your fingertips. You can make people happier, healthier and more hard-working just by touching their arms or holding their hands.
Doctors say that body contact(接触) is a kind of medicine that can work wonders. When people are touched, the quantity of hemoglobin (血红蛋白) — a type of matter that produces the red color in blood increases greatly. This results in more oxygen (氧气) reaching every part of the body and the whole body benefits. In experiments, bottle-fed baby monkeys were separated from their mothers for the first ten days of life. They became sad and negative. Studies showed the baby monkeys were more probable to become ill than other babies that were allowed to stay with their mothers.
Human babies react (反应) in much the same way. Some years ago, a scientist noticed that some well-fed babies in a clean nursery (托儿所) became weak. Yet babies in another nursery were growing healthily, even though they ate less well and were not kept as clean. The reason, he concluded, was that they often had touches from nurses.
Experiments show that most people like being touched. And nearly all doctors believe touch helps to reduce patients" fear of treatment. Of course there is time when a touch is not welcome. But even if we don’t like being touched, a smile can make us feel better. Smiling increases blood flow and starts the production of “happy brain” chemicals.
So let’s have a big smile and don’t forget to keep in touch.
1. Which of the following is NOT true
A. People may not understand the importance of touching.
B. People may work harder because of body contact.
C. Your fingertips can do something wonderful.
D. Everyone knows that body contact can make people happier.
2. According to the passage, ______.
A. not all the people like being touched
B. touches from doctors and nurses have nothing to do with treatment
C. new-born baby monkeys should stay away from their mothers
D. human brains need oxygen and blood supply now and then
3. The word “benefits” in the second paragraph probably means ______.
A. to be useful or helpfulB. to get something useful or helpful C. to be ill D. to be hurt
4. The best title for the passage might be ______.
A. Why People Touch B. Smile and Touch C. Wonders of TouchD. Touch or Not

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When did you last see a polar bear(北极熊) On a trip to a zoo, perhaps If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These "Polar Bears" are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the air temperature was 3℃,and the water temperature was a little higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group; this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February.
Doctors don"t agree about the medical effects of cold-winter swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body"s temperature drops so low that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and water temperature is much greater in summer than in winter.
The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system(循环系统) because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and should not try cold-water swimming.
The main benefits of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim all year round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says, "When I go into water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away."
小题1:The members of the Polar Bear Club must meet the following requirements except that____.
A.they must swim outdoors at least 8 times in the four cold months
B.they must reach the age of 60
C.they should be easy to make friends with
D.they must agree to swim outdoors from November through February
小题2:According to the passage, some doctors believe it is true that_____.
A.polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water
B.cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high
C.you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue
D.cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter
小题3:The Polar Bears like to swim year-round, for_____.
A.it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter
B.they can remain young
C.they find it enjoyable and interesting
D.they might meet fewer troubles in life
小题4:The passage is mainly about_____.
A.the requirements of the Polar Bear Club
B.a group of cold-water-swimming lovers
C.the Polar Bears" life in New York
D.doctors" ideas about cold-water swimming

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When did you see a polar bear On a trip to a zoo, perhaps If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These “Polar Bears” are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the air temperature was 3 degrees. And the water temperature was a little higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group; this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February.
Doctors don’t agree about the medical effects of cold-water swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body’s temperature drops so slow that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and the water tempreature is much greater in summer than in winter.
The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system (循环系统) because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and could not try cold-water swimming.
The main benefits of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim all the year round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says, “When I go into the water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away.”
小题1:Doctors _________ .
A.have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming
B.believe swimming is helpful both in summer and in winter
C.enourage people to take part in cold-water swimming
D.point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming
小题2:According to the passage, some doctors believe it is true that _______ .
A.Polar bears are bears swimming in freezing water
B.cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high
C.you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue
D.cold-water swimming causes more heart attack in summer than in winter
小题3:The Polar Bears like to swim year-round, for _______ .
A.it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter
B.they can stay young
C.they find it enjoyable and interesting
D.they might meet fewer troubles in life
小题4:Which of the following is TRUE according to the text
A.The Polar Bear is a club in which people swim to protect polar bears.
B.The club members are all over 60 years old.
C.There is no woman in the club.
D.None of the above.
小题5:This passage is mainly about _______ .
A.the requirements of the Polar Bear Club
B.a group of cold-water-swimming lovers
C.the Polar Bears’ life in New York
D.doctors’ ideas about cold-water swimming

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阅读选择填空。 1 - It is also, perhaps, the gentlest, but not always! Elephants are like us in some ways. They live for a
long time- fifty or sixty years. They can remember things very well.2 If a female elephant dies, her
daughters and her grand daughters are sad for many months. They stay with the dead body. Then they carry a
bit of it away with them. They never forget a dead friend.
Elephants are like us, but they are also different. They live in families of females.3 But the females will
soon send them away. An elephant family keeps only its daughters, mothers and its great grandmothers.
The females stay together for fifty, sixty...,a hundred years. The older animals look after the younger ones.
4
And what happens to male elephants Well, the young males stay with their mothers for a time. Then they
must leave the family. The females just send them away. A male elephant does not often have a friend.5
Sometimes the females call a male elephant. He can visit them then, and stay for a time. But soon his "wife" and
sisters send him away again. The females have a very happy family life. What do the male elephants think about
it We don"t know. A. They never forget great sadness or great happiness.
B. He lives apart away from the family, and often away from other male elephants.
C. They like to play with each other and sometimes are injured.
D. There will be a few young males-a few "baby boys".
E. The mothers teach their daughters and set a good example.
F. The elephant is the biggest four-legged animal in the world.
G. The male elephants want to stay with female ones, but they are not welcome.

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阅读理解。 More surprising, perhaps, than the current difficulties of traditional marriage is the fact that marriage
itself is alive and thriving (兴盛). As Skolnick notes, Americans are marrying people-relative to
Europeans, more of us marry and we marry at a younger age. Moreover, after a decline in the early
1970s, the rate of marriage in the United States is now increasing. Even the divorce rate needs to be
taken in this pro-marriage context: some 80 percent of divorced individuals remarry. Thus, marriage
remains, by far, the preferred way of life for the vast majority of people in our society.
What has changed more than marriage is the nuclear family. Twenty-five years ago, the typical
American family consisted of a husband, a wife and two or three children. Now, there are many
marriages in which couples have decided not to have any children. And there are many marriages where
at least some of the children are from the wife"s previous marriage, or the husband"s, or both. Sometimes
these children spend all of their time with one parent from the former marriage; sometimes they are shared between the two former spouses.
Thus, one can find the very type of family arrangement. There are marriages without children; marriages with children from only the present marriage; marriages with "full time" children from the present marriage
and "part-time" children from former marriages. There are stepfathers, stepmothers, half-brothers, and
half-sisters. It is not all the unusual for a child to have four parents and eight grandparents! There are
enormous changes from the traditional nuclear family. But even so, even in the midst of all this, one thing
remains constant: most Americans spend most of their adult lives married. 1. By calling Americans marrying people the author means that ______. A. more of Americans, as compared with Europeans, prefer marriage and they accept it at a younger age
B. Americans expect more out of marriage than Europeans
C. there are more married couples in USA than in Europe
D. Americans are more traditional than Europeans 2. Which of the following can be presented as the picture of today"s American families A. A typical American family consists of only a husband and a wife.
B. Many types of family arrangements have become socially acceptable.
C. Americans prefer to have more kids than before.
D. There are no nuclear families any more. 3. Even though great changes have taken place in the structure of American families ______. A. the functions of marriage remain unchanged
B. most Americans prefer a second marriage
C. the vast majority of Americans still have faith in marriage
D. marriage is still enjoyed by all Americans

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阅读理解。 Advertisers tend to think big and perhaps this is why they"re always coming in for (getting) criticism.
Their critics seem to resent(对...不满) them because they have a gift for self-promotion and because
they have so much money to throw around. "It"s unjust," they say, "that this entirely unproductive industry
(if we can call it that) should absorb millions of pounds each year. It only goes to show how much profit
the big companies are making. Why don"t they stop advertising and reduce the price of their goods
After all, it"s the consumer who pays…"
The poor old consumer! He"d have to pay a great deal more if advertising didn"t create mass markets
for products. It is precisely because of the heavy advertising that consumer goods are so cheap. But we
get the wrong idea if we think the only purpose of advertising is to sell goods. Another equally important
function is to inform. A great deal of the knowledge we have about household goods comes largely from
the advertisements we read. Advertisements introduce us to new products or remind us of the existence
of ones we already know about. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely
you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc., from an advertisement.
Lots of people pretend that they never read advertisements, but this claim may be seriously doubted.
It is hardly possible not to read advertisements these days. And what fun they often are, too! Just think
what a railway station or a newspaper would be like without advertisements. Would you enjoy gazing
at a blank wall or reading railway byelaws(内部规则) while waiting for a train Would you like to read
only closely printed columns of news in your daily paper A cheerful, witty advertisement makes such
a difference to a dull wall or a newspaper full of the daily ration(定量) of disasters.
We must not forget, either, that advertising makes a positive contribution to our pockets. Newspapers, commercial radio and television companies could not subsist (survive) without this source of revenue.
The fact that we pay so little for our daily paper, or can enjoy so many broadcast programmes is due
entirely to the money spent by advertisers. Just think what a newspaper would cost if we had to pay its
full price!
Another thing we mustn"t forget is the "small ads." which are in virtually every newspaper and
magazine.What a tremendously useful service they perform for the community! Just about anything
can be accomplished through these columns. For instance, you can find a job, buy or sell a house,
announce a birth, marriage or death in what used to be called the "hatch(giving birth), match and
dispatch" column but by far the most fascinating section is the personal or "agony" column(读者来信
专栏). No other item in a newspaper provides such entertaining reading or offers such a deep insight
into human nature. It"s the best advertisement for advertising there is! 1. What is main idea of this passage A. Advertisement. B. The benefits of advertisement.
C. Advertisers perform a useful service to communities.
D. The costs of advertisement. 2. The attitude of the author toward advertisers is A. appreciative.
B. trustworthy.
C.critical.
D. dissatisfactory. 3. Why do the critics criticize advertisers A. Because advertisers often brag(自夸).
B. Because critics think advertisement is a "waste of money".
C. Because customers are encouraged to buy more than necessary.
D. Because customers pay more. 4. Which of the following is Not True A. Advertisement makes contribution to our pockets and we may know everything.
B. We can buy what we want.
C. Good quality products don"t need to be advertised.
D. Advertisement makes our life colorful. 5. The passage is . A. Narration(记叙文).
B. Description.
C. Criticism.
D. Argumentation.

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阅读理解 Why do so many of us watch birds with great interest Perhaps the easiest answer is that birds seem
to be the commonest, most attractive and easiest observed wildlife around us. No matter where you are,
at home, on a mountain-top, in mid-ocean or deep in a city, there are birds around for you to watch.
When you go birdwatching, you should always make sure that your clothes are suitable for the weather and for the habitat you are visiting. As a general rule, it is better to pack a little too much clothing than risk getting cold and wet.In really hot weather, a hat of some sort is sensible. For cooler weather, a practical outfit would be jeans, a roll-neck sweater.
Don"t worry about the equipment while birdwatching. It is perfectly possible to see and enjoy birds
without any special equipment, but a whole new world opens up to you once you have your first binoculars. Distant birds stop being little dots against the sky or water, and take on shapes and colours, and
feathers of bird will have a real beauty of their own.Binoculars allow you to identify birds correctly, and
give you a wonderful chance to spy on them going about their daily lives. However, never look directly at
the sun using binocular, because direct sunlight can hurt the eye.
Using binoculars is one way to bring birds closer to you, but another way of improving your
birdwatching is to get nearer to them. If wild creatures don"t know you are close to them, they will
continue to behave naturally, and perhaps pass close by you. Fortunately, birds have no sense of
smell-so we don"t have to worry about the wind blowing our scent to them and frightening them.
But all birds have good eyesight, much better than ours.Birds also have good hearing: their lives and
their ability to find food depend on these senses.
So what does the birdwatcher need to do Always move about quietly, do not give the birds
advance warning of your arrival or they will move away. Do your best to avoid sudden movement.
Always remember to put the birds" interests first. When you have finished looking, don"t just stand up
and walk away, scaring birds in all directions.

1. The underlined word "binoculars" refers to __________.
A. something that can protect your eyes
B. glasses used for looking at distant object
C. books on birds of different shapes and colours
D. special equipment for birdwatcher to keep warm

2. Why does the birdwatcher have to move quietly
A. Because birds don"t like to make any noise.
B. Because birds are unable to see slow movement.
C. Because birds can smell man"s scent if he moves quickly.
D. Because birds may hear the sound of the sudden movement.

3. According to the passage, what does a birdwatcher need to do
A. Keep a certain distance from birds
B. Bring a little more clothes with him
C. Behave naturally while watching birds
D. Take interest in the birds he is watching

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阅读理解 More perhaps than any other European nation, the Swiss have got used to looking after foreign
travelers.
As early as the 18th century, wealthy French, Germans and Italians were treating the country as an
amusement center while, in the 19th century, it became the major holiday playground for the British nobles.
Today, it attracts visitors from all over the world.
The Swiss are clear about the importance of tourism to their economy, which makes up about eight
percent of the Gross Domestic Product, and helps industry greatly. Managers of hotels from all over the
world go to Switzerland to learn how to do the job, and a high standard can be expected from the great
majority of the country"s hotels, most of which are small and pride themselves on personalized service.
Public transport is the best in Europe. Both the Swiss Federal railways and the private railways are fully
electric-powered, and the total network consists of about 5,000 kilometers of track.
Under the Fly Baggage system passengers can check luggage in at 116 railway stations and have it
automatically transferred to their flight. The national highway system is equally well planned, and the
mountain roads offer views of some of the country"s most breathtaking scenery. Also serving the mountains is an effective system of railways and cable ways, while more than 160 passenger cars cross the lakes and
rivers. Hiking in the mountains is equally popular with Swiss nationals and foreign visitors. For those who
want to view the country from a great height without having to climb the mountain themselves, it is always
possible to take in the view from a balloon. 1. Compared with other European countries, Switzerland _____. A. places more importance on entertainment
B. thinks more about foreign travelers
C. has more convenient public transport
D. has more five-star hotels 2. According to the passage, Switzerland is now visited by _____. A. wealthy French people
B. rich Germans and Italians
C. British nobles
D. people from various countries 3. According to the passage we learn that _____. A. most of the hotels in Switzerland are big
B. all the hotels in Switzerland offer exactly the same service
C. most of the hotels in Switzerland offer first class service
D. the hotels in Switzerland are accustomed to learning from the rest of the world 4. The Fly Rail Baggage system is a service to transport your luggage between the railway station and
_____. A. the airport
B. the hotel
C. the motorway station
D. the cable ways 5. The passage mainly tells us about _____. A. scenery in Switzerland
B. the life in Switzerland
C. tourism in Switzerland
D. the transportation in Switzerland

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Perhaps no single monument in the U.S.A. is as famous as the Statue of Liberty. Standing on small island in New York Harbor, the crowned lady, holding high in her right hand the torch of freedom and in her left hand a table with words "July 4th , 1776", is a symbol of American democracy. She is colossal. She is 151 feet high and the pedestal(垫座) on which she stands is almost as much. The Statue of Liberty was a gift to the USA from France in 1886, as a mark of friendship and also in memory of the aid France gave the Americans during the American Revolution.
For millions of immigrants, the Statue was their first sight of the promised land, and for a few also the last, as they sailed back home again. About a mile from Liberty Island, there is another small island, called Ellis Island, which was looked upon with dread by the immigrants. For it was here that they had to wait their turn to be examined by doctors and officials. Most of the immigrants could not speak a word of English. But only two out of 100 immigrants were refused admission to New York City. Often the person refused turned out to be a grandmother or a weary, frightened girl mistakenly labeled "weak-minded". Sometimes husbands and wives were parted because one of them happened to have a bad cough and was suspected of having tuberculosis(肺结核).
New York City was a bitter disillusionment(幻灭) to some immigrants. Far from being a city paved with gold, it was a city teeming with overcrowded, unhealthy and unsafe ghettos(少数民族居住区). The immigrants looked for earlier immigrants of their own nationality or religion. So Italian, Polish, Irish, Jewish neighborhoods grew up. Because they could not speak English, the newcomers found it difficult to get work at once, and their living quarters were often slum.
However, they found in the U.S.A. opportunities of bettering themselves. Today immigrants no longer have to endure the rude treatment of Ellis Island. The unpleasant buildings were closed down in 1924. In 1976, Ellis Island became a historic monument.
59. Which of the following is the best title for this passage
A. Gateway to the U.S.A.B. The Statue of Liberty.
C. Ellis Island.D. Immigrants of the U.S.A.
60. The word "colossal" in the first paragraph means ________.
A. miniature B. colorful C. enormous D. beautiful
61. Immigrants looked upon Ellis Island with dread because ________.
A. they could not speak a word
B. they might be refused admission to the U.S.A.
C. husbands and wives might be recognized
D. they were suspected
62. Paragraph 3 implies that_________.
A. New York City was paved with gold
B. immigrants of the same nationality and religion lived in the same building
C. immigrants lived everywhere
D. some immigrants were disappointed at New York City

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七.阅读理解 (20分)
When did you see a polar bear On a trip to a zoo, perhaps If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These “Polar Bears” are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the air temperature was 3 degrees. And the water temperature was a little higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group; this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February.
Doctors don’t agree about the medical effects of cold-water swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body’s temperature drops so slow that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and the water tempreature is much greater in summer than in winter.
The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system (循环系统) because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and could not try cold-water swimming.
The main benefits of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim all the year round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says, “When I go into the water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away.”
1. Doctors _________ .
A. have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming
B. believe swimming is helpful both in summer and in winter
C. enourage people to take part in cold-water swimming
D. point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming
2. According to the passage, some doctors believe it is true that _______ .
A. Polar bears are bears swimming in freezing water
B. cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high
C. you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue
D. cold-water swimming causes more heart attack in summer than in winter
3. The Polar Bears like to swim year-round, for _______ .
A. it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter
B. they can stay young
C. they find it enjoyable and interesting
D. they might meet fewer troubles in life
4. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text
A.The Polar Bear is a club in which people swim to protect polar bears.
B. The club members are all over 60 years old.
C. There is no woman in the club.
D. None of the above.
5. This passage is mainly about _______ .
A. the requirements of the Polar Bear Club
B. a group of cold-water-swimming lovers
C. the Polar Bears’ life in New York
D. doctors’ ideas about cold-water swimming

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完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从下列各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Perhaps you’ve attended some parties. But like New York,where a party or dinner often __36__ business with pleasure, a Washington party is a __37__ part of the business of politics, the business of making __38__ connections.
Some Washington parties have a __39__ aura (气氛) about them, depending on who gives them and who is there, but most parties are open-house __40__ in fact, with the hosts not knowing most of the __41__ who are there.
I went to a few of these parties __42__ I wanted to see the inside of some of the Washington mansions (公馆) I had __43__ so much about. Almost every time during the evening some man would come close to talk with me __44__, we didn’t know each other at all. Such a __45__ exchange clearly proves “a gathering of friends” __46__ Washington party standards. You don’t even need an __47__ to attend many Washington parties. You just have to know about them. No Washington hostess would __48__ her servants to ask you who you were. Most of the bigger parties, those with 300 or 400 guests, __49__ to impress somebody, and Washingtonians __50__.
Most members of the Congress ,for example, __51__ middle-class backgrounds in smaller communities __52__ the country. They are dazzled (眼花缭乱的) by __53__. They are dazzled by big names. They are ready to help Washington __54__ hostesses. They go along with them because they are good friends or they don’t notice that they __55__ or they don’t care if they are.
小题1:.
A.follows B.connects C.mixes D.goes
小题2:.
A.daily B.necessary C.chief D.cheap
小题3:.
A.still B.cruel C.mental D.important
小题4:
A.social B.nervous C.terrible D.simple
小题5:
A.events B.affairs C.conferences D.games
小题6:
A.guests B.customers C.guards D.guides
小题7:
A.so that B.in order that C.as if D.because
小题8:
A.found B.noticed C.heard D.wrote
小题9:
A.since B.though C.when D.whether
小题10:
A.common B.strict C.public D.special
小题11:
A.including B.comparing with C.according to D.depending on
小题12:
A.invitation B.envelope C.instrument D.acceptance
小题13:
A.refuse B.allow C.agree D.warn
小题14:
A.are given B.give C.are supplied D.supply
小题15:
A.easily forget B.hardly remember C.easily impress D.are easily impressed
小题16:
A.hear from B.write to C.come from D.call out
小题17:
A.over B.below C.between D.across
小题18:
A.money B.equal C.freedom D.discussion
小题19:
A.strange B.famous C.poor D.stupid
小题20:
A.are using B.are being used C.are obeying D.are being obeyed

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Do you now who Stefani Germanotta is Perhaps not, but you’ll almost certainly know the star called Lady Gaga, a 24-year-old American famous for her cutting edge pop videos and strange fashion sense. She was the biggest winner at the MTV Europe Music Awards in Madrid on November 7, 2010. Her awards included the best female artist and the best song.
Her popularity doesn’t end there. The BBC reports that the University of South Carolina has a sociology course about the life, work and rise to fame of Lady Gaga. The course is due to start in spring 2011. “We’re going to look at Lady Gaga as a social event,” said professor Mathieu, who will teach Lady Gaga and the Sociology of Fame.
Germanotta, in fact, is a college student. She learned to play the piano by age 4. At age 17, she was one of the only 20 young people to get early admission to New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts, the famous music school. Yet after her second semester, she took a big risk—she decided to quit and concentrate on a music career. But hwo did she manage to go from nowhere to supar star in just two years
She may well have had a plan for the top. She created “The Ultimate Pop Burlesque Show” with another artist. It was the first of many strange images. The pair gained enough attention to get a spot at a famous music festival in Chicago. Later, a record company signed Germanotta.
While Lady Gaga enjoys popularity, there are critics accusing her of regularly using rude language in her lyrics(歌词) and wearing overly sexy clothing.
小题1: According to the article, Lady Gaga is famous for _______.
A.her fashion shows B.her strange images
C.her talents in university D.her winning awards
小题2: Which of the following is the correct order for the stages of Gaga’s career
a. She appeared in a music festival in Chicago b. She won the award—the best female
c. She decided to quit school d. She created a show with another artist
e. She was signed by a record company f. Her success has become a university course
A.b—f—c—a—d—e B.b—f—c—d—a—e
C.c—d—a—e—b—f D.c—d—a—e—f—b
小题3:The main reason why Lady Gaga could become famous is that ______.
A.she knew her dream of life B.she knew what she would do next
C.she learned music at a young age D.she ws brave enough to quit university
小题4: From this passage, we can infer that ________.
A.a good performance in university may lead to one’s success.
B.cooperation with other artists is important in becoming successful
C.Lady Gaga will become less famous because of her lyrics and clothing
D.Professor Mathieu believes that Lady Gaga’s success is worth studying
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详 答案
小题1:B小题1:C小题1:B小题1: D
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据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“ Do you now who Stefani Germanotta is Perhaps not, but you..”主要考查你对日常生活类阅读等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下: 现在没空?点击收藏,以后再看。 因为篇幅有限,只列出部分考点,详细请访问魔方格学习社区。 日常生活类阅读 考点名称:日常生活类阅读
  • 日常生活类阅读的概念:

    日常生活这一话题主要涉及人们衣食住行等方面的活动。这一话题的选材主要针对人们日常的工作,生活以及学习情况。做这一类题时,最主要的是要把握好人物的活动内容,时间和地点。

  • 日常生活类阅读题答题技巧:

    【题型说明】
    该类文章内容涉及到人们的言谈举止、生活习惯、饮食起居、服饰仪表、恋爱婚姻、消遣娱乐、节日起源、家庭生活等。文章篇幅短小,追根溯源,探索各项风俗的历史渊源,内容有趣。命题也以送分题为主,如事实细节题、语义转换题、词义猜测题和简单推理判断题等。虽然这类文章读起来感觉轻松,试题做起来比较顺手,但绝不能掉以轻心。因为稍不留神,就会丢分。   
    【备考提醒】
    为了保证较高准确率,建议同学们做好以下几点:   
    1、保持正常的考试心态。笔者在教学中发现,越是容易的试题,同学们越是容易失分。为什么呢?因为在这种情况下,同学们极易产生麻痹思想,认为题目好做,就不引起高度重视,于是思维不发散、不周密。而命题人就是利用同学们的这一弱点,设计陷阱题。所以,无论试题难易与否,我们都要保持正常的考试心态。试题容易,不欣喜;试题难,不悲观。   
    2、根据前面讲到的方法,认认真真、细细心心做好事实细节题。   
    3、做好语义转换题。这类题是根据英语中一词多义和某些词语在文中能表达一定的修辞意义的原则而设计的。要求同学们解释某生词的含义,确定多义词或短语在文中的意思,确认文中的某个代词所指代的对象,或者对英语中特有的表达、格言、谚语进行解释。这种题要求同学们一定要根据上下文猜测词义或理解句子,切不可望文生义。   
    4、做好简单推理判断题。简单推理判断题要以表面文字为前提,以具体事实为依据进行推理,做出判断。这种推理方式比较直接,只要弄清事实,即可结合常识推断出合理的结论。

以上内容为魔方格学习社区(www.mofangge.com)原创内容,未经允许不得转载! 发现相似题 与“ Do you now who Stefani Germanotta is Perhaps not, but you..”考查相似的试题有:
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“魔方格学习社区”各栏目介绍之--专项猜题:发现各类考试规律,秘密掌握应试秘笈。自从有了www.mofangge.com,啥,考试?嘿,天空飘过五个字,那都不叫事。 2014 魔方格 版权所有 最后访问时间:2015-02-22 00:33:27

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Perhaps what we like most about the successful man who has a sense of humor is that he doesn"t seem to take himself too36. The average person expects the man in a powerful 37to be too vain and self-centered. “Walt Dizzy is just a plain, ordinary guy. It"s absolutely amazing,” Harvey tells his friends, “He"s really not different from any one of us. Boy, I"ll tell you, success didn"t spoil him.” 38it was Walt Dizzy"s aptitude for making the people around him feel39 that relaxed everyone who met him and gave people the impression that he’s “one of the boys’’.
It"s always a surprise and a 40when people discover that successful individuals are basically not different from anyone else. The majority of people 41 highly successful men and women to be very solemn and earnest because they 42such big decisions. An executive who has a relaxed 43 and good sense of humor leaves a favorable impression. You"ve undoubtedly often heard someone say,44 discussing one of these tycoons(大人物), “I can identify with him.” The party who makes the remark has absolutely 45in common with the tycoons, but the 46atmosphere, not the man himself, becomes the means of identification.
Greeting someone47 whom you are about to do business with a warm smile is the best way to introduce yourself. People can"t48 immediately liking such an individual. He seems humble, and they"re impressed with his informal manner. They notice his “human side,” and he 49 them over at once. People want to cooperate with this kind of man. A 50 first meeting sets the stage beautifully for the formal discussions.
On the other hand, there"s the humorless, dull type who turns you completely 51 .Stanley Shtick, president of a large food company, is a good 52. “He is the coldest fish I’ve 53 met,” says Zelda Zoftik, “You would think he was the King of England, the way he acts,” she 54 . “The longer it is before I meet with him again, the 55.”
小题1:
A.seriously B.highly C.easily D.simply
小题2:
A.situation B.position C.location D.tradition
小题3:
A.Actually B.Eventually C.Gradually D.Naturally
小题4:
A.nervous B.conscious C.comfortable D.reliable
小题5:
A.pressure B.pleasure C.relief D.shock
小题6:
A.expect B.want C.hope D.think
小题7:
A.do B.make C.take D.carry
小题8:
A.figure B.smile C.personality D.shape
小题9:
A.when B.if C.though D.since
小题10:
A.something B.nothing C.anything D.everything
小题11:
A.excited B.relaxed C.interested D.embarrassed
小题12:
A.for B.with C.through D.to
小题13:
A.help B.control C.stand D.risk
小题14:
A.wins B.gets C.beats D.captures
小题15:
A.energetic B.regular C.friendly D.normal
小题16:
A.on B.down C.over D.off
小题17:
A.idea B.example C.friend D.person
小题18:
A.ever B.seldom C.never D.often
小题19:
A.explains B.suggests C.complains D.praises
小题20:
A.more B.closer C.better D.worse

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阅读理解 Where there is a river, there is a city.Perhaps this is not always true, but it is true that many of the
world"s greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river. The Neva River flows through the center
of St Petersburg in Russia. Three hundred years ago, the Russian Czar Peter the Great
came here and built a new capital-St Petersburg.Peter the Great, like his country, was strong and proud.Many great palaces were built during his lifetime. The palaces were large and beautiful,and they often
looked like something out of a fairy tale, St Petersburg has also been the center of many important events
in history. In 1941, the Germans tried to destroy the city.It was under attack for 900 days, but the
people of the city never gave in. The Germans burned many of the palaces as they left.St Petersburg
was almost in ruins: fires burned everywhere. Buildings were destroyed, and paintings and stadium lay in
pieces on the ground. Rebuilding the city and its cultural relics seemed impossible, but the people of the
great city would not give up, "We will not let our history and city be destroyed, and we will do everything we can to save our city ! "
When the Nazi had gone, the people of St Petersburg began rebuilding the city. Pieces of the palaces
that had been hidden before the Nazis came could now be used to rebuild the city and its culture.It was
not easy.Painters and workers had to be very careful when they were trying to bring the city back to
life. It was difficult to save the palaces and building without detracting their old beauty.
With the help of old paintings and photographs, the people of St Petersburg were able to bring back
the beauty of their culture and history.Now, after years of hard work, parts of statues have been put
back together and missing pieces have been replaced. Old paintings, including a portrait of Peter the
Great which was found in the snow outside St Petersburg, have been carefully copied, and the old
palaces have been made as wonderful as in the past.
Today Peter the Great on his bronze horse can once again look out over the city he built.Like their
hero Peter, the people of St Petersburg have shown that dreams can come true. Strong, proud and
united, the people of St Petersburg are modern heroes of Russia.

1. The underlined word "portrait" in the third paragraph is perhaps closest to____in meaning.

A. room
B. picture
C. knife
D. dress

2. Which of the following sentences is not true of St Peterburg according to the passage

A. It was the capital of Russia,and it was built about three hundred years ago.
B. It people never gave in to the Germans during World War Ⅱ.
C. The Germans tried to destroy the city because they hated Peter the Great.
D. It took years of hard work of the painters and workers to rebuild it.

3. The third paragraph of the passage is mainly about____.

A. how bravely the people of the city fought against the Germans.
B. how beautiful the city looked now.
C. how hard the people of the city worked to rebuild the city.
D. how proud the people of the city were.

4. The best title of the passage should be___

A. A City of Heroes
B. St Petersburg
C. Peter the Great
D. Rivers and Cities

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Perhaps the most wonderful building put up in the 19th century was the Crystal Palace(水晶宫)which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all the other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all the time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. Plenty of goods were sent to the exhibition from all parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on show. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steamboats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the money from the exhibition was used to build museums and colleges. Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to the South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.
小题1:The Crystal Palace was built up_________.
A.in the 1950s B.in the 1990s C.shortly before 1851 D.after 1851
小题2: People from many countries came to the Crystal Palace mainly to______.
A.buy goods B.visit an exhibition
C.travel D.enjoy the Crystal Palace itself
小题3: What happened to the Crystal Palace in 1936
A.It caught a terrible fire.
B.It disappeared suddenly.
C.It was moved away to the south of London
D.It was rebuilt.
小题4:The writer__________.
A.thought the Crystal Palace very useful
B.thought highly of the Crystal Palace.
C.wanted the Crystal Palace to be rebuilt
D.was one of the visitors who had visited the Crystal Palace.
小题5: The Crystal Palace was famous to all because__________.
A.it was the biggest building in the world then.
B.it was made of iron and glass.
C.so many visitors had been there.
D.it was burnt down at last.

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A camera and a computer can “see” something that perhaps millions of pairs of eyes failed to see for 480 years: the Mona Lisa’s necklace. The discovery about the famous painting was made by an American physicist.
The Mona Lisa, painted by the Italian, Leonardo da Vinci, has been on show for many years in Paris. Now a row of white spots on the neck have been “seen”. They are said to be the remains (痕迹) of a necklace which the artist later painted over.
The painting will be examined further by using infrared scanning (红外线扫描) techniques. Laser (激光) technology can be used to show what lies directly under the surface of the finished work, too. This will help us to understand how the artist drew the picture: Did he begin with a quick-made drawing or have second thoughts as he painted the picture
This kind of knowledge will show us the famous artist at work. It may also help to explain Mona Lisa’s smile, which has puzzled art lovers for centuries.
小题1:This passage is mainly about ______.
A.the famous artist Leonardo da Vinci
B.an American physicist’s discovery
C.further researches on the Mona Lisa
D.The uses of modern technology
小题2:The Mona Lisa is ______.
A.a famous artist B.a famous painting
C.a smiling woman D.a lost necklace
小题3:In this passage, “the Mona Lisa’s lost necklace” suggests that ______.
A.Mona Lisa once wore a necklace
B.someone stole the necklace from the Mona Lisa
C.the artist did not keep the necklace he had painted on the neck
D.the artist had a necklace stolen while working on the painting
小题4:According to the passage, the white spots on Mona Lisa’s neck ______.
A.are still invisible to visitors
B.have turned into a necklace
C.have already appeared before visitors
D.are looking more and more like a necklace
小题5:The painting will be examined further so that people may know more about ______.
A.Mona Lisa and her smile
B.the time when it was finished
C.infrared scanning and laser
D.this art work and the artist

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Need to relax after a few stressful months Perhaps you need to go to a spa.
First of all, what exactly is a spa Traditionally, spas were places with a natural spring producing warm waters that could be used in hydrotherapy (水疗法) treatments. They were places where you “took the waters” --- meaning you drank some of the water or bathed in it.
But nowadays, a “spa” can mean a variety of things. In general, the term is often used to refer to commercial establishment that provides many services for health, fitness, weight loss, beauty and relaxation. This may include exercise classes, mud baths, body treatment, facials (美容), etc.
In Japan, traditional hot springs have attracted visitors for centuries. And thermal baths (温泉浴) have been found in the ruins of the Cretan Palace of Knossos (2000-1400 B.C.). It was the Romans who made spas popular in Europe. They established a number of towns around thermal waters. These include the English town of Aquae Sulis (which is called Bath today), and the Belgian town of Aquae Spadanae (which is known as Spa these days).
In the 18th century, spas became the fashionable places to go on holiday. Bath and Harrogate in the UK were popular with British rich people. And in Europe Carsbad (now called Larlovy Vary), Marienbad and Franzensbsf were Europe’s most important holiday centers.
A typical day in Carsbad in the 19th century went as follows. Visitors got up at 6:00 a.m. to take the waters and listen to music by a band. Next, came a light breakfast, a bath in the waters, and then lunch. In the afternoon, visitors went sightseeing, walked or attended concerts. After dinner, there were theatrical performances. Guests returned to their hotels at about 9 p.m. to rest until six the following morning. Visitors would stay for as long as a month. Some of the more famous patients at these spas included the composers Beethoven and Chopin, and the Russian writer Turgnev.
Marienbad was the best spa town. It was popular with the inventor Thomas Edison, the writer Johann Goethe, and many famous people and European emperors.
Today, although taking the waters isn’t as common as it used to be, spa treatments are more popular than ever.
小题1:What can we learn about a spa
A.It makes profits mainly on facials.
B.It is a center for rich people to relax.
C.It provides more services than before.
D.It is where one can get medical treatment.
小题2: From Paragraph 4, we can infer that ___________.
A.spas have a history of about 200 years
B.Japan has more spas than any other countries
C.the Romans played a positive part in the popularity of spas
D.ordinary people could enjoy thermal baths in 18th-century UK
小题3: At the spas in Carlsbad, ____________.
A.many visitors had facials
B.guests often stayed for at least a month
C.Thomas Edison was a regular guest
D.guests had a bath between breakfast and lunch
小题4: What can we learn from the passage
A.The former name of Larlovy Vary was Carlsbad.
B.Spa treatments are not so popular as before.
C.Chopin visited Marienbad frequently.
D.Marienbad is located in the UK.

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Perhaps the most extraordinary (奇特的) building put up in the nineteenth century was the Crystal Palace (水晶宫) which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all the other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all the time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. Plenty of goods were sent to the exhibition from all parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on show. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steamboats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the money from the exhibition was used to build museums and colleges. Later the Crystal Palace was moved to the South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.
小题1:The Crystal Palace was built up .
A.in the 1950s B.in the 1900s C.shortly before 1851 D.before 1951
小题2:People from many countries came to the Crystal Palace mainly to.
A.buy goods B.visit an exhibition
C.travel around D.enjoy the Crystal Palace itself
小题3:What happened to the Crystal Palace in 1936
A.It caught a terrible fire.
B.It disappeared suddenly.
C.It went to the South of London.
D.It was rebuilt.
小题4:The Crystal Palace was famous to all because.
A.it is the biggest building in the world
B.so many visitors had been there
C.it was made of iron and glass
D.it was burnt down at last
小题5:The writer .
A.thought the Crystal Palace very useful
B.sang high praise for the Crystal Palace
C.wanted the Crystal Palace to be rebuilt
D.was one of the visitors to the Crystal Palace

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Finland (芬兰) is perhaps the most beautiful and mysterious country of Northern Europe. Two-thirds of its surface is covered with thick forests. Relative to its size, Finland has more lakes than any other country. The northern part of this country is inside the Arctic Circle, where almost no trees can grow because of its cold weather and the people use their deer of transport, clothing and food.
The Finnish history began in the Middle Ages. In about 1155, Finland was conquered (侵略) by its western neighbor Sweden (瑞典). After a period of rule by Denmark (丹麦) in the 14th century, the Swedes won back independence and power in 1523 under their brave king. During the Napoleonic (拿破仑的) Wars (1804-1818) Finland was passed finally from Sweden to Russia. The opportunity came in 1917, when the Russian Revolution brought foreign rule of Finland to an end. Shortly after Soviet Russia made peace with Germany, 1919 saw the founding of the Finnish Republic.
The years between the First and Second World Wars were years of progress and growing development. Finland is the fifth largest country in Europe, and despite a relatively small population of 5.2 million, the market potential is much greater. Finland has no coal or oil, and the nation’s wealth lies in the timber from its forests, which supplies material for paper and furniture making, and in the electric power from its water. Finland is an excellent gateway to trading with Russia and the Baltic States because of a long history of trading with these marks. Finland has also enjoyed a strong and long-Finland’s accession to the European Union in January 1995.
小题1:From the passage, we learn that Finland _______.
A.lies inside the Arctic Circle
B.lies east of Sweden
C.is next to the countries of northern Europe
D.is entirely covered with forests and lakes
小题2:Finland must have been under the control of _______ for as long as one hundred years or so.
A.Russia B.Denmark C.Sweden D.foreign countries
小题3:Among natural resources, the Finnish people benefit mainly from _______.
A.coal and oil B.forests and water C.paper and furniture D.timber and power industry
小题4:What does the underlined word “timber” probably mean
A.Fruits. B.Wood. C.Animals. D.Money.

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More surprising,perhaps, than the present difficulties of traditional marriage is the fact that marriage itself is alive and thriving.As Skolnick notes,Americans are a marrying people: relative to Europeans, more of us marry and we marry at a younger age. Moreover, after a drop in the early 1915s,the rate of marriage in the United States is now increasing. Even the divorce rate needs to be taken in this promarriage context: some 30 percent of divorced individuals remarry. Thus, marriage remains by far the preferred way of life for the vast majority of people in our society.
What has changed more than marriage is the nuclear family. Twentyfive years ago, the typical American family was made up of a husband, a wife, and two or three children.Now,there are many marriages in which couples have decided not to have any children. And there are many marriages where at least some of the children are from the wife’s former marriage, or the husband’s, or both.Sometimes these children spend all of their time with one parent from the former marriage; sometimes they are shared between the two former spouses (配偶).
Thus, one can find every type of family arrangement. There are marriages without children; marriages with children from only the persent marriage; marriages with “fulltime” children from both the present and former marriages; marriages with “fulltime” children from the present marriage and “parttime” children from former marriages. There are stepfathers, stepmothers, halfbrothers, and halfsisters.It is not all that unusual for a child to have four parents and eight grandparents! These are great changes from the traditional nuclear family.But even so, even in the midst of all this, there remains one constant: Most Americans spend most of their adult lives married.
13.By calling American marrying people the author means that .
A.Americans are more traditional than Europeans
B.Americans expect more out of marriage than Europeans
C.there are more married couples in U.S.A. than in Europe
D.more of Americans,as compared with Europeans, prefer marriage and they accept it at a younger age
14.Divorced Americans .
A.prefer the way they live
B.will most likely remarry
C.have lost faith in marriage
D.are the vast majority of people in the society
15.Which of the following can be presented as the picture of today’s American families
A.Many types of family arrangements have become socially acceptable.
B.A typical American family is made up of only a husband and a wife.
C.Americans prefer to have more kids than before. D.There are no nuclear families any more.
16.“Part time”children .
A.spend some of their time with their half brothers and some of their time with their halfsisters
B.spend all of their time with one parent from the previous marriage
C.are shared between the two former spouses D.cannot stay with “fulltime” children
17.Even though great changes have taken place in the structure of American families, .
A.the vast majority of Americans still have faith in marriage
B.the functions of marriage remain unchanged
C.most Americans prefer a second marriage
D.most divorced Americans would rather not remarry

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C
Perhaps you have never heard of Katherine Lawes.Katherine was the wife of Lewis Lawes, warden (监狱长) at Sing Sing Prison from 1920 to 1941.In these 21 years he made many reforms --- and an important part of his success was due to his wife Katherine.
Katherine took seriously the idea that the prisoners are human beings ,worthy of attention and respect .She regularly visited inside the walls of Sing Sing.She encouraged the prisoners, took things to them and spent time listening to them.Most importantly, she cared about them.And as a result, they cared deeply about her.
Then one night in October of 1937, news was "telegraphed" between the prison cells that Katherine had been killed in an accident.The prisoners asked the warden to allow them to attend her funeral.He agreed to their strange request and a few days later the south gate of Sing Sing swung slowly open.Hundreds of men who had committed almost every crime imaginable marched slowly out of the prison, later gathered again at the gate and returned to their cells.There were so many that they proceeded unguarded.But no one tried to escape.If he had, the others might have killed him immediately.So devoted were they to Katherine Lawes, the woman who daily walked into Hell to show the men a piece of Heaven.
Katherine" s strength was to see the men less as prisoners and more as individuals.Thomas Moore once said, "We can only treat badly those things or people whose souls we show no respect for."
54.When Katherine"s husband was the warden at Sing Sing Prison, she did the following things EXCEPT_______________.
A.encouraging the prisoners B.visiting the prison houses
C.doing some writing for the prisoner D.spending time in listening to the prisoners
55.Why did the prisoners ask the warden to allow them to attend Katherine’s funeral
A.Because Katherine didn"t look down upon them and cared about them.
B.Because Katherine was the wife of the warden.
C.Because Katherine made reforms in the prison.
D.Because Katherine had been killed by one of them.
56.Whom does the underlined part “the others” refer to
A.The policemen at the funeral. B.The other prisoners.
C.The guards. D.The policemen from other prisons.
57.The best title of this passage is_________.
A.Katherine Lawes" s Life B.Reforms at Sing Sing Prison
C.To Honor Their Souls D.To Meet Their Requirement

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Perhaps the most astonishing theory to come out of kinetics,the study of body movement,was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell.He believes that physical appearance Is often culturally programmed.In other words,we learn our looks;we are not born with them.
A baby generally unformed facial features.A baby,according to Birdwhistell,learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around family and friends.This helps explain why the people of some regions of the United States look so much lilke.New Englanders or Southerners have certain common facial characteristics that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学).The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth,it is learned later.In fact,the final mouth shape is not formed until well after permanent(永久的)teeth are set.For many,this can be well into adolescence(青春期).A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike.We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country there are areas where people smile more than those in other areas.In the United States,for example,the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently.In New England they smile less,and in the western part of New York State still less.Many Southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly,partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peach Tree Street jn Atlanta,Georgia.People in densely(稠密地)populated urban areas also tend to smile and greet each other in public less than people in rural areas and small towns.
小题1:The passage might be taken out of a book dealing with______
A.physics B.health C.chemistry D.body movement
小题2:Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance_______.
A.has little to do with culture B.is decided by our parents
C.can be infiuenced by culture D.varies from place to place
小题3:Ray Birdwhistell can tell what region of the United States a person is from by .
A.the way he or she talks B.how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C.what he or she likes best D.how much he or she laughs
小题4:According to the passage,people who live_______are more friendly.
A.in the north B.in the country
C.in New York City D.in densely populated areas

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Advertisers tend to think big and perhaps this is why they’re always getting criticism. Their critics(批评家)seem to resent(对...不满) them because they have a gift for self-promotion and because they have so much money to throw around. ‘It’s unjust,’ they say, ‘that this entirely unproductive industry (if we can call it that) should absorb millions of pounds each year. It only goes to show how much profit the big companies are making. Why don’t they stop advertising and reduce the price of their goods After all, it’s the consumer who pays…’
The poor old consumer! He’d have to pay a great deal more if advertising didn’t create mass markets for products. It is precisely because of the heavy advertising that consumer goods are so cheap. But we get the wrong idea if we think the only purpose of advertising is to sell goods. Another equally important function is to inform. A great deal of the knowledge we have about household goods comes largely from the advertisements we read. Advertisements introduce us to new products or remind us of the existence of ones we already know about. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc., from an advertisement.
Lots of people pretend that they never read advertisements, but this claim may be seriously doubted. It is hardly possible not to read advertisements these days. And what fun they often are, too! Just think what a railway station or a newspaper would be like without advertisements. Would you enjoy gazing at a blank wall or reading railway byelaws(内部规则) while waiting for a train Would you like to read only closely printed columns of news in your daily paper A cheerful, witty advertisement makes such a difference to a dull wall or a newspaper full of the daily ration(定量) of disasters.
We must not forget, either, that advertising makes a positive contribution to our pockets. Newspapers, commercial radio and television companies could not survive without this source of revenue(收益). The fact that we pay so little for our daily paper or can enjoy so many broadcast programs is due entirely to the money spent by advertisers. Just think what a newspaper would cost if we had to pay its full price!
Another thing we mustn’t forget is the ‘small ads.’ which are in virtually every newspaper and magazine. What a tremendously useful service they perform for the community! Just about anything can be accomplished through these columns. For instance, you can find a job, buy or sell a house, announce a birth, marriage or death in what used to be called the ‘hatch(giving birth), match and dispatch’ column but by far the most fascinating section is the personal or ‘agony’ column(读者来信专栏). No other item in a newspaper provides such entertaining reading or offers such a deep insight into human nature. It’s the best advertisement for advertising there is!
小题1:What is main idea of this passage
A.Advertisements.
B.Advertisements bring fun to readers.
C.Advertisers perform a useful service to communities.
D.The costs of advertisements.
小题2:The attitude of the author toward advertisers is
A.appreciative. B.trustworthy. C.critical D.dissatisfactory.
小题3:Why do the critics criticize advertisers
A.Because advertisers often brag(自夸).
B.Because critics think advertisement is a “waste of money”.
C.Because customers are encouraged to buy more than necessary.
D.Because customers pay more.
小题4:Which of the following is Not True
A.Advertisement makes contribution to our pockets and we may know everything.
B.We can buy what we want.
C.Good quality products don’t need to be advertised.
D.Advertisement makes our life colorful.

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阅读理解。 Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by
Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally
programmed. In other words, we learn our looks-we are not born with them. A baby
has generally informedface features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where
to set the eyebrows by looking at those around-family and friends. This helps explain
why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike. New Englanders
or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics
(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact,
the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can
be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look
alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country
area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example,
the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New
England they smile less, and in the western part of New York State still less. Many
southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on
Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia. People in
largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small
towns do. 1. Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance _____. [ ] A. has little to do with culture
B. is ever changing
C. is different from place to place
D. has much to do with culture 2. According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed _____. [ ] A. as soon as one"s teeth are newly set
B. sometime after new teeth are set
C. around 15 years old
D. before birth 3. Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by _____. [ ] A. what he or she likes best
B. how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C. how much he or she smiles
D. the way he or she talks

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阅读理解。 Perhaps you do not know your school principal (校长) well. But you might be wise to take him or her
seriously. Beijing University will enroll (招收) students recommended by high school principals this year.
If the students recommended pass a round of interviews by Peking University, they will have an extra 30
extra points added to their national college entrance exam scores if they apply to the university.
Beijing University said the reason behind the move was a desire to give students with comprehensive
(综合的) or special abilities a chance to stand out.
However, a survey, showed 10,046 out of 14,227 people are against the measure. Some experts agree
with the criticism. Liu Daoyu, former president of Wuhan University is one strong opponent(反对者)."There
are so many high schools across the country. But only 39 schools are qualified to recommend students. Is
it fair to the rest of the schools Besides, most of the 39 schools are located in big cities, which is unfair to
other regions,"
The reform is also unfair to other students, some say. According to Liu, in the competitive exam, one
extra point can put a student ahead of a large numbers of other-never mind 30.
"Principals do not know students well. How can they guarantee the recommendation will be fair" asked
Wang Xuming, former spokesman of the Ministry of Education.
The Ministry of Education said the move is a good experiment in college admission reforms and the public
should support it even if it is not yet mature (成熟的). It said Beijing University promised a series of
supervision (监督) measures to avoid cheating. For example, the information of schools and principals that
recommend students, and the recommended students will be put online for a week for public supervision. 1. The best title of the passage could be _____. A. Beijing University Will Enroll More Students
B. Beijing University"s Reform Causes a Debate
C. People Are Against Beijing University"s Reform
D. The Government Supports Peking University"s Reform 2. The following are the reasons why Liu Daoyu is against Beijing University"s reform except that _____. A. there will be a lot of cheating
B. it is unfair to the other regions
C. it is unfair to other schools
D. 30 points cause a huge gap among students 3. We can learn from the passage that _____. A. the Ministry of Education supports the reform
B. the reform has started to work in college admissions
C. all the recommended students will be accepted
D. no more than 70% of the people are against the reform 4. If a student passes the interview by Beijing University, he or she _____. A. can also apply to other universities
B. will be admitted into Beijing University
C. will have comprehensive and special abilities
D. needn"t accept the public supervision

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阅读表达
阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题. [1]Perhaps you are an average student with average intelligence.However,you can receive better
grades if you want.Yes,even students with average intelligence can be top students without additional
work.Here"s how:
[2]Plan your time carefully.Make a list of your weekly tasks.Then make a schedule of your time.Be sure to set aside enough time to complete your normal reading and work assignments.Of course,studying
shouldn"t occupy all of the free time on the schedule.
[3]Make good use of your time in class.Listening to what the teacher says in class means less work l
ater.Take notes to help you remember what the teacher says.
[4]Skim before you read.Look over a passage quickly before you begin to read it more carefully.As
you preview the material,you get some idea of the content and how it is organized.Later when you begin to read you will recognize less important material and you may skip some of these portions.Skimming helps
double your reading speed and improve you comprehension as well.
[5]_____,Go over your notes as soon as you can after class.Review important points mentioned in class as well as points you remain confused.If you know what the teacher will discuss the next day,skim and
read that material,too.If you review your notes and textbook regularly,the material will become more
meaningful and you will remember it longer.Regular review leads to improved performance on tests.
[6]Develop a good attitude towards tests.The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject.The word won"t end if you don"t pass a test,so don"t worry excessively about a single test.
[7]There are other techniques that might help you with your studying.Improving your studying habits will
improve your grades.

1.What"s the main idea of the passage(no more than 8 words)
____________________________________________________________________
2.What should you do if you fail a test(no more than 4 words)
____________________________________________________________________
3.Please fill in the blank in the fifth paragraph with proper words.(no more than 4 words)
____________________________________________________________________
4.According to the passage,how can an average student improve his/her grades(no more than 6 words)
____________________________________________________________________
5.What does the word "it"(line 4,paragraph 5)probably refer to(no more than 3 words)
____________________________________________________________________

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阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的字数要求) [1]Perhaps you are an average student with average intelligence.However,you can receive better grades if you want.Yes,even students with average intelligence can be top students without additional work.Here’s
how:
[2]Plan your time carefully.Make a list of your weekly tasks.Then make a schedule of your time.Be sure to set aside enough time to complete your normal reading and work assignments.Of course,studying
shouldn’t occupy all of the free time on the schedule.
[3]Make good use of your time in class.Listening to what the teacher says in class means less work
later.Take notes to help you remember what the teacher says.
[4]Skim before you read.Look over a passage quickly before you begin to read it more carefully.As you preview the material,you get some idea of the content and how it is organized.Later when you begin to
read you will recognize less important material and you may skip some of these portions.Skimming helps
double your reading speed and improve you comprehension as well.
[5]_____,Go over your notes as soon as you can after class.Review important points mentioned in class as well as points you remain confused.If you know what the teacher will discuss the next day,skim and
read that material,too.If you review your notes and textbook regularly,the material will become more meaningful and you will remember it longer.Regular review leads to improved performance on tests.
[6]Develop a good attitude towards tests.The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject.The word won’t end if you don’t pass a test,so don’t worry excessively about a single test.
[7]There are other techniques that might help you with your studying.Improving your studying habits will
improve your grades.

1.What’s the main idea of the passage(no more than 8 words)
____________________________________________________________________
2.What should you do if you fail a test(no more than 4 words)
____________________________________________________________________
3.Please fill in the blank in the fifth paragraph with proper words.(no more than 4 words)
____________________________________________________________________
4.According to the passage,how can an average student improve his/her grades(no more than 6 words)
____________________________________________________________________
5.What does the word “it”(line 4,paragraph 5)probably refer to(no more than 3 words)
____________________________________________________________________

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Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally programmed. In other words, we learn our looks—we are not born with them. A baby has generally informed face features. A baby, according to Birdwhistell, learns where to set the eyebrows by looking at those around-family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, new Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country area where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York State still less. Many southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta. Georgia. People in Atlanta, Georgia. People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than people in small towns do.
小题1:Ray Birdwhistell believes that physical appearance _______.
A.has little to do with culture
B.has much to do with culture
C.is ever changing
D.is different from place to place
小题2:According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed _______.
A.before birth B.as soon as one’s teeth are newly set
C.sometime after new teeth are set D.around 15 years old
小题3:Ray Birdwhistell can tell what area of the United States a person is from by _______.
A.how much he or she laughs B.how he or she raises his or her eyebrows
C.what he or she likes best D.the way he or she talks
小题4:This passage might have been taken out of a book dealing with ________.
A.physics B.chemistry C.biology D.none of the above

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