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Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

We all know that humans are damaging the environment, but what can we do about it Some people are trying to do their bit to be more environmentally friendly.

Local councils in Britain encourage certain aspects of green living, such as recycling paper, tin, plastic and glass. They want to reduce the amount of rubbish going into landfill sites(填埋场),because they are running out of places to dump(倾倒)rubbish. In some areas rubbish for recycling is collected from your doorstep, but in other areas, you have to take it to a special recycling place, such as a bottle bank.

Another way of reducing the amount of rubbish you create is to use reusable products instead of disposable ones For example, some people use strong shopping bags or boxes for their groceries instead of plastic carrier bags, or use washable nappies instead of disposables.

More people are becoming interested in reducing their carbon footprint—the amount of carbon they use up. They try to reduce their carbon emissions(释放)by cycling, using public transport or an electric car, rather than driving gas-consuming vehicles. Some people choose not to fly for holiday trips because planes are the biggest producers of carbon emissions.

You can make‘green’ choices when buying food too. It's best to buy food which was locally grown or produced so that it hasn't been imported by air, or shipped by road from far away.

Houses can be environmentally friendly too. It takes less energy to heat a house if it has good insulation(绝缘,隔热)and double glazing (双层玻璃).You can also create your own energy it you have solar panels or a wind turbine fitted though these can be expensive. You can also save water by using a rain water container for washing the car or watering the garden. It's even possible to use a system where‘grey water’—water which has been through a tap(水龙头)once already, is used to flush(冲洗)toilets. Some new housing projects are being built specifically to be as environmentally friendly as possible.

26.The purpose of collecting reusable wastes is to_.

A.save energy consumed in daily life

B.reduce the amount of rubbish dumped

C.create a new way of green living

D.decrease the amount of carbon produced

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阅读下面短文,从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Do you know more and more Chinese artists have made regular donations to charity or put their efforts into charity work in China Here let’s know some of them. Faye Wong and her husband Li Yapeng started the Yan Ran Angel Foundation(基金会) for harelipped(兔唇的) children three years ago. It was named after their daughter. Its purpose is to help children under 14 to cure their harelips. The couple donated one million yuan (about $ 133,000) to start the organization.

Cong Fei was born in a poor family. He became a successful singer in Shenzhen. He helped 178 poor students and disabled people for more than 10 years. Before he died of an illness at the age of 37 in 2006, he decided to donate his cornea(角膜) to people with eye diseases. He helped six people see the world.

Guan Mucun has donated money to Project Hope to help poor students finish primary education. Thirty of these poor students have already finished high school with her support. Guan has also helped with charity work for environment protection, HIV/AIDS prevention, blood donation and “Mother Water”.

Guan had an unlucky childhood: her mother died when she was only 10. years old. With the help of the government and her neighbours, she grew up and was successful as a famous singer.

Action star Jackie Chan is a wholehearted supporter of charities including UNICEF, Operation Smile and his own Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation. In 2007, he used much of his spare time to visit the farthest parts of China on his Dragon’s Heart Charity Missions. The Dragon’s Heart Foundation aims to meet the needs of poor children and the elderly in the hardest-to-reach areas of the country. Chan has made several trips to these poor villages, bringing warm clothing, wheelchairs and school supplies, and helping to build schools.

21. Who can get help from the Yan Ran Angel Foundation

A. Harelipped children under 14. B. All disabled children.

C. All disabled children under 14. D. All harelipped children.

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阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,在短文后81-85小题中句子空白处填入适当的词语或句子。

We know that many animals do not stay in one place. Birds, fish and other animals move from one place to another place at a certain time. They move for different reasons: most of them move to find food more easily, but others move to get away from places that are too crowded.

When cold weather comes, many birds move to warmer places to find food. Some fishes give birth in warm water and move to cold water to feed. The most famous migration is probably the migration of fish, which is called “salmon”(鲑鱼). This fish is born in fresh water but it travels many miles to salt water. There it spends its life. When it is old, it returns to its birthplace in fresh water. Then it gives birth and dies. In northern Europe, there is a kind of mouse. They leave their mountain homes when they become too crowded. They move down to the low land. Sometimes they move all the way to the seaside, and many of them are killed when they fall into the sea.

Recently, scientists have studied the migration of a kind of lobster(龙虾). Every year, when the season of the bad weather arrives, the lobsters get into a long line and start to walk across the floor of the ocean. Nobody knows why they do this, and nobody knows where the go. So, sometimes we know why humans and animals move from one place to another place, but at other times we don’t. Maybe living things just like to travel.

81. The reason for most of the animals to move is _____________________.

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